Determination of soil chemical attributes with terra preta nova experiment / Determinação dos atributos químicos do solo com experimento terra preta nova

Cândido Milton Pinto Gama, Maria de Lourdes Pinheiro Ruivo, Dirse Clara Kern, Ricardo Shigueru Okumura, Milena Carvalho de Moraes, Daiane de Cinque Mariano, Cândido Ferreira de Oliveira Neto, Ismael de Jesus Matos Viégas

Abstract


Research conducted with Terra Preta Nova (TPN) experiment has been directed in the attempt to replicate soils known as Archeological Black Earth (ABE), characterized by being highly fertile and stable soils, associated with deposit of vegetal and animal residues origin by prehistoric man. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of soil chemical attributes on incorporation of wood residues and animal wastes in Terra Preta Nova experiment. The experimental design was randomized blocks, with 17 treatments consisting of incorporation of substrates in soil, individual or combined, of charcoal (C); wood sawdust (WS); MDF residues (MDF); bone meal residues (BNR); animal fat (AF); and control treatment (CT), without incorporation of substrate in soil, with four replicates.  The incorporation and combinations of substrates promoted increase in soil organic matter, verifying that individual treatment based on charcoal resulted in a value of 70.35 g kg-1 of SOM, for P nutrient verified value of 332.76 mg kg-1 (C+BNR). For N and exchangeable bases contents (K, Na, Ca, and Mg), verified low values, without modifications with incorporation of different substrates in soil. The areas conducted with Terra Preta Nova experiment showed values of low soil chemical attributes compared to Archeological Black Earth, suggesting that time in which residues were incorporated was not sufficient for formation of soil fertility, characteristic of Archeological Black Earth.

Keywords


Archeological Black Earth, organic residue, soil fertility

Full Text:

PDF

References


AMARANTE, C.B.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; OLIVEIRA, M.L.S.; LEONCIO, R.R.; MOURA, Q.L. Microbial diversity in archaeological black earth soils. Enciclopédia Biosfera, v.6, p.1-10, 2010.

ANDRIGUETTO, J.M.; PERLY, L.; MINARDI, I.; GEMAEL, A.; FLEMMING, J.S.; SOUZA, G.A.; BONA FILHO, A. Nutrição animal: As bases e os fundamentos da nutrição animal os alimentos. São Paulo: Nobel, 2002. 395p.

BARROS, K.R.M.; LIMA, H.V.; CANELLAS, L.P.; KERN, D.C. Chemical fractionation of organic matter and physical characterization of amazonian dark earth. Revista de Ciências Agrárias, v.55, p.44-51, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.4322/rca.2012.037

BENITES, V.M.; MENDONÇA, E.S.; SCHAEFER, C.E.G.R.; NOVOTNY, E.H.; REIS, E.L.; KER, J.C. Properties of black soil humic acids from high altitude rocky complexes in Brazil. Geoderma, v.127, p.104-113, 2005.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.11.020

CAMPOS, M.C.C.; RIBEIRO, M.R.; SOUZA JÚNIOR, V.S.; RIBEIRO FILHO, M.R.; SOUZA, R.V.C.C.; ALMEIDA, M.C. Characterization and classification of archaeological dark earths from the Middle Madeira River Region. Bragantia, v.70, p.598-609, 2011.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0006-87052011000300016

CAMPOS, M.C.C.; SANTOS, L.A.C.; SILVA, D.M.P.; MANTOVANELLI, B.C.; SOARES, M.D.R. Physical and chemical characterization of archaeological dark earths and non-anthropogenic soils the Manicore, region, Amazon. Revista Agro@mbiente On-line, v.6, p.102-109, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.18227/1982-8470ragro.v6i2.682

COSTA, J.A.; COSTA, M.L.; KERN, D.C.; SANTOS, C.M.E. Pedogênese de solos antrópicos: As terras pretas e terra mulata do baixo amazonas. Revista Equador, v.4, p.440-447, 2015.

http://dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.2060.1684

CUNHA, T.J.F.; MADARI, B.E.; BENITES, V.M.; CANELLAS, L.P.; NOVOTNY, E.H.; MOUTTA, R.O.; TROMPOWSKY, P.M.; SANTOS, G.A. Chemical fractionation of organic matter and humic acid characteristic in anthropogenic dark earth soils of brazilian amazonic region. Acta Amzonica, v.37, p.91-98, 2007.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672007000100010

DONAGEMA, G.K.; CAMPOS, D.V.B.; CALDERANO, S.B.; TEIXEIRA, W.G.; VIANA, J.H.M. Manual de métodos de análise de solos. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 2011. 230p.

EMBRAPA. Sistema brasileiro de classificação de solos. Brasília: Embrapa, 2013. 353p.

FERREIRA, D.F. Sisvar: A computer analysis system to fixed effects split plot type designs. Revista Brasileira de Biometria, v.37, p.529-535, 2019.

http://dx.doi.org/10.28951/rbb.v37i4.450

GLASER, B.; BIRK, J.J. State of the scientific knowledge on properties and genesis of Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia (Terra Preta de Índio). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, v.82, p.39-51, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.11.029

HORST, W.J.; KAMH, M.; JIBRIN, J.M.; CHUDE, V.O. Agronomic measures for increasing P availability to crops. Plant and Soil, v.237, p.211-223, 2001.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1013353610570

KÄMPF, N.; KERN, D.C. O solo como registro da ocupação humana pré-histórica na Amazônia. In: TORRADOVIDAL, P.; ALLEONI, L.R.F.; COOPER, M.; SILVA, A.P. (ed.) Tópicos em ciência do solo. Viçosa: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, p.277-320, 2005.

KERN, D.C.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; FRAZÃO, F.J.L. Terra Preta Nova: The Dream of Wim Sombroek. In: WOODS, W.I.; TEIXEIRA, W.G.; LEHMANN, J.; STEINER, C.; WINKLERPRINS, A.; REBELLATO, L. (ed.) Amazonian Dark Earths: Wim Sombroek’s Vision. Berlin: Springer, p.339-350, 2009.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9031-8_18

LEONCIO, R.R.; AMARANTE, C.B.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; D’AQUINO, G.I.R.; LEONCIO, R.R. Effect of the different treatments of ‘Terra Preta Nova’ experiment on the levels of micronutrients Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn in soil. Enciclopédia Biosfera, v.7, p.1-9, 2011.

LIU, J.; SCHULZ, H.; BRANDL, S.; MIEHTKE, H.; HUWE, B.; GLASER, B. Short-term effect of biochar and compost on soil fertility and water status of a Dystric Cambisol in NE Germany under field conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, v.175, p.698-707, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201100172

MADARI, B.E.; CUNHA, T.J.F.; NOVOTNY, E.H.; MILORI, D.M.B.P.; MARTIN NETO, L.; BENITES, V.M.; COELHO, M.R.; SANTOS, G.A. Matéria orgânica dos solos antrópicos da Amazônia (Terra Preta de Índio): Suas características e papel na sustentabilidade da fertilidade do solo. In: TEIXEIRA, W.G.; KERN, D.C.; MADARI, B.E.; LIMA, H.N.; WOODS, W.I. (ed.) As Terras Pretas de Índio da Amazônia: Sua caracterização e uso deste conhecimento na criação de novas áreas. Manaus: Embrapa Amazônia Ocidental, p.172-188, 2009.

MADARI, B E.; CUNHA, T.J.F.; SOARES, R. Organic matter of the anthropogenic dark earths of Amazônia. Dynamic Soil, Dynamic Plant, v.5, p.21-28, 2011.

MEURER, E.J. Fundamentos de química do solo. Porto Alegre: Evangraf, 2012. 280p.

MEYER, S.; GLASER, B.; QUICKER, P. Technical, economical, and climate-related aspects of biochar production technologies: A literature review. Environmental Science & Technology, v.45, p.9473-9483, 2011.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es201792c

MONTEIRO, K.F.G.; KERN, D.C.; RODRIGUES, T.E.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; FARIAS, P.R.S. Characterization of yellow Argisoils with added wood residues: An alternative use as soil cover in the state of Pará. Boletim do Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi Ciências Naturais, v.1, p.139-148, 2006.

MONTEIRO, K.F.G.; KERN, D.C.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; RODRIGUES, T.E.; COMETTI, J.L.S. Use of waste wood as an alternative to improve environmental conditions in the system of reforestation in Tailândia-PA. Acta Amazonica, v.40, p.409-413, 2010.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672010000300001

MOREIRA, A.; TEIXEIRA, W.G.; MARTINS, G.C. Extractants and availability of micronutrients in Central Amazonian dark earth soil. Ciencia Suelo, v.27, p.127-134, 2009.

NEVES, P.A.P.F.G.; AMARANTE, C.B.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; PICCININ, J.L.; ARAUJO, N.N.A. Influence of seasonal variation on the levels of nitrogen and phosphorus in the experimente ‘Terra Preta Nova’ (TPN). Enciclopédia Biosfera, v.7, p.1764-1770, 2011.

NEVES, P.A.P.F.G.; BATISTA, R.J.R.; PICCININ, J.L.; RUIVO, M.L.P.; AMARANTES, C.B. Determination of Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu available in samples of black earth new of the city of Tailândia (PA). Enciclopédia Biosfera, v.8, p.1135-1142, 2012.

NOVAIS, R.F.; SMYTH, T.J.; NUNES, F.N. Fósforo. In: NOVAIS, R.F.; ALVARES, V.H.; BARROS, N.F.; FONTES, R.L.F.; CANTARUTTI, R.B.; NEVES, J.C.L. (ed.) Fertilidade do solo. Viçosa: Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, p.276-374, 2007.

SCHULZ, H.; GLASER, B. Effects of biochar compared to organic and inorganic fertilizers on soil quality and plant growth in a greenhouse experiment. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, v.175, p.410-422, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201100143

SILVA NETO, S.P.; SANTOS, A.C.; LEITE, R.L.L.; DIM, V.P.; NEVES NETO, D.N.; CRUZ, R.S. Spatial dependence in surveys of carbono storage in grassland áreas of Brachiaria brizantha, Marandu grass. Acta Amazonica, v.42, p.547-556, 2012.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672012000400013

VALARINI, P.J.; ALVAREZ, M.C.D.; GASCÓ, J.M.; GUERRERO, F.; TOKESHI, H. Integrated evaluation of soil quality after the incorporation of organic matter and microorganisms. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, v.33, p.35-40, 2002.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822002000100007

VICINI, L. Análise multivariada da teoria à prática. Monografia de Especialização Santa Maria. Santa Maria: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, 2005. 215p.

WEIß, C.H. StatSoft, Inc., Tulsa, OK.: STATISTICA, Version 8. AStA Advances in Statistical Analysis, v.91, p.339-341, 2007.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10182-007-0038-x

XAVIER, F.A.S.; OLIVEIRA, T.S.; ANDRADE, F.V.; MENDONÇA, E.S. Phosphorus fractionation in a sandy soil under organic agriculture in Northeastern Brazil. Geoderma, v.151, p.417-423, 2009.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2009.05.007




DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n5-227

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.