Síntese e propriedades de sais energéticos orgânicos derivados da 5-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-3-ona / Synthesis and properties of organic energetic salts derived from 5-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-3-one

Heber Jesus da Silva Junior

Abstract


Ao longo dos anos novos materiais energéticos com baixa sensibilidade a estímulos acidentais, alta estabilidade térmica e bom desempenho vêm sendo pesquisados em diferentes países. Com a proposta de obter compostos que satisfaçam critérios de segurança e performance, a síntese de sais orgânicos derivados de explosivos insensíveis ao impacto vem sendo uma das estratégias adotadas. Neste contexto diferentes sais derivados de 5-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-3-ona (NTO) vêm apresentando resultados promissores. Nesta revisão serão reportados os principais métodos de síntese destes sais, bem como suas propriedades e aplicações como materiais energéticos.


Keywords


síntese; explosivo insensível; 5-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-3-ona; sal energético

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.34117/bjdv6n5-420

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